Myocardial infarct and rhabdomyolysis after a high-voltage accident with successful resuscitation

Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift
C FranziusA E Lison

Abstract

A 25-year-old man working as varnisher near a power transmission line sustained a 110,000 V shock. Immediately cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of the pulseless and unconscious man by lay personnel was continued after 5 minutes by an emergency physician. Normal cardiac rhythm was established after 25 electrical defibrillating shocks and 25 minutes of CPR. He was then taken to hospital by helicopter. On admission the intubated and ventilated patient was precariously stable on high doses of catecholamines. His blood pressure was 100/60 mm Hg, the heart rate 110/min. There were current marks on both hands and the left foot; part of the right pectoral muscle was contracted bulge-like. Creatine kinase activity in serum was raised to 2070 U/l (MB fraction 174 U/l). The ECG showed significant ST-elevations in V2-V4. At first most attention was paid to stabilising cardiac function. The activity of serum creatine kinase rose to a maximum of 13,881 U/l during the first 6 hours. To prevent renal failure caused by the marked rhabdomyolysis large fluid volumes were administered while intracardiac pressures were monitored via a right-heart catheter and urinary alkalization obtained. The precordial leads of the ECG showed an evolution of c...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 22, 1999·Forensic Science International : Synergy·A FieguthW J Kleemann

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