PMID: 1683604Dec 1, 1991Paper

Myocardial infarction. Effects of beta-blockade

A Hjalmarson, G Olsson


By the mid 1960s a beneficial effect of post-myocardial infarction treatment with beta-blockade had been proposed. However, it was not until 1981 that large clinical trials clearly demonstrated a beneficial effect both in terms of reduction in mortality and morbidity. Today treatment with beta-blockers both in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction as well as in the stable post-myocardial infarction patient is well established. In this review article, different aspects of early and late treatment with beta-adrenoceptor blockers are discussed. The cardioprotective effects of beta-blockers on mortality and morbidity should not be considered class effects valid for all beta-blockers. Pooled data have clearly demonstrated that beta-blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity have less marked effects. Impressive effects on mortality and morbidity have been obtained with propranolol, timolol, and metoprolol, which are noncardioselective as well as more beta 1-selective (metoprolol), but they are all lacking intrinsic sympathomimetic activity and, furthermore, have a relatively high degree of lipophilicity. It is clear that acute beta-adrenoceptor blockade in suspected acute myocardial infarction reduces mortality and mor...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Myocardial Infarction

Related Feeds

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.

Antiarrhythmic Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Understanding the mechanism of action of antiarrhythmic agents is essential in developing new medications as treatment of cardiac arrhythmias is currently limited by the reduced availability of safe and effective drugs. Discover the latest research on Antiarrhythmic Agents: Mechanism of Action here.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly due to stroke and thromboembolism. Here is the latest research.

Adrenergic Receptors: Trafficking

Adrenergic receptor trafficking is an active physiological process where adrenergic receptors are relocated from one region of the cell to another or from one type of cell to another. Discover the latest research on adrenergic receptor trafficking here.


Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.