Myocutaneous versus thoraco-abdominal flap cover for soft tissue defects following surgery for locally advanced and recurrent breast cancer

Journal of Surgical Oncology
S V Suryanarayana DeoSonal Asthana


Radical surgical extirpation in advanced breast cancer patients produces large defects that may not be suitable for primary closure. The primary aim in such cases is to achieve an adequate soft tissue cover expeditiously. Various methods, including skin graft, omentum, random flaps, and myocutaneous (MC) flaps, have been tried in the past; however, there is no consensus regarding the method of choice in such patients. A retrospective analysis of the breast cancer database of a single surgical unit was performed to find out the incidence of advanced breast cancer patients requiring an additional surgical procedure for soft tissue cover. A comparative analysis of two major groups, "MC flaps" and "thoraco-abdominal (TA) flaps," was performed in relation to operative time, blood loss, morbidity, hospital stay, and final outcome. Forty (12.7%) out of 315 advanced breast cancer patients undergoing surgery required additional surgical procedures for soft tissue cover. MC flaps were used in 18 patients and TA flaps were used in 22 patients. The mean blood loss (192 +/- 77 ml vs. 40 +/- 19 ml), operating time (110 +/- 20 minutes vs. 35 +/- 7 minutes), and hospital stay (10 +/- 4 days vs. 5 +/- 2 days) were significantly less in the TA f...Continue Reading


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