Myofiberbreak-up: a marker of ventricular fibrillation in sudden cardiac death

International Journal of Cardiology
Giorgio BaroldiV Fineschi

Abstract

Electrophysiologically, ventricular fibrillation is defined as a "chaotic, random, asynchronous electrical activity of the ventricles due to repetitive re-entrant excitation and/or rapid focal discharge". To this point its morphological equivalent has not been defined. Several groups of different diseases and types of accidental death in normal subjects were studied. A complete autopsy was performed and the hearts were examined in 432 cases. A total of 16 myocardial samples per heart were processed for histological examination and sections were stained by haematoxylin and eosin or by specific stains. The frequency, location and extent of myocellular segmentation (stretching and/or rupture) of intercalated discs and associated changes of myocardial bundles and single myocells were investigated. A quantitative analysis was performed and the data were processed for statistical evaluation. The frequency of MFB was maximal in coronary (88%) and Chagas (76%) groups followed by the intracranial brain haemorrhage group (52%). The extent of myofiberbreak-up was maximal in coronary/Chagas groups followed by intracranial haemorrhage and transplant groups. No correlation was seen between gender, age, heart weight, degree of coronary athero...Continue Reading

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Mar 8, 2005·International Journal of Cardiology·V FineschiG Baroldi

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Citations

Aug 4, 2005·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Vittorio FineschiEmanuela Turillazzi
Mar 8, 2006·International Journal of Cardiology·V FineschiM Neri
Mar 26, 2014·Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine·Nagwa M GhandourGhada Ali Omran
Oct 21, 2006·International Journal of Cardiology·Irene RiezzoVittorio Fineschi
Nov 1, 2005·International Journal of Cardiology·Vittorio FineschiEmanuela Turillazzi
Mar 31, 2015·Legal Medicine·Yasuo BunaiSeiji Yamaguchi
Aug 1, 2019·Panminerva Medica·Spinello AntinoriMassimo Galli
Apr 13, 2018·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Elvira Ventura SpagnoloGiuseppina Rizzo
May 1, 2021·Diagnostics·Gelsomina MansuetoCarlo Pietro Campobasso

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