Sep 1, 1978

Myoinositol and phosphatidylinositol metabolism in synaptosomes from galactose-fed rats

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A S Warfield, S Segal


The effects of experimental galactose toxicity on inositol and phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) metabolism in synaptosomes from 0- to 30-day-old rats were investigated. Galactose toxicity was induced by feeding mothers a 40% galactose diet from the 12th day of pregnancy until 19 days postpartum when the offspring were weaned onto the maternal diet. There was no decrease in myoinositol concentrations and only a small decrease in PtdIns in synaptosomes from galactose-fed rats relative to glucose-fed controls. Synaptosomes from rats on the two diets converted equivalent amounts of [U-14C]glucose to inositol and PtdIns. Acetylcholine stimulated [2-3H]inositol incorporation into PtdIns while producing a net decrease in PtdIns concentration in synaptosomes from 22- to 30-day-old rats. However, the phospholipid response to acetylcholine in synaptosomes from galactose-fed rats was impaired. Thus, the acetylcholine-stimulated labeling of PtdIns was 40--50% lower in these synaptosomes while the effect on PtdIns concentration was reduced by a maximum of 55%. The data suggest that galactose-fed rats may have either a deficiency in the number of acetylcholine receptors or a defect in some step between receptor-neurotransmitter interaction and ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Galactose Measurement
Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, Associated With Acetylcholine Receptor Deficiency
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Cholinergic Receptors

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.