Mar 1, 1974

Myosin heavy chain messenger RNA from myogenic cell cultures

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A Przybyla, R C Strohman

Abstract

The appearance of messenger RNA for myosin heavy chains in chick-embryo myogenic cell cultures was investigated. Total polyribosomes were isolated from cultures at various times of development and were purified in sucrose step gradients. These polysomes were either extracted with phenol or were treated with puromycin. The ribonucleoprotein particles and ribosomal subunits released by puromycin were fractionated on sucrose gradients. RNA from polysomes or from puromycin-dissociated subunits was fractionated on oligo(dT)-cellulose columns, and the bound and unbound RNA was assayed for activity of myosin heavy chain messenger RNA in a rabbit reticulocyte cell-free system. RNA stimulating myosin heavy-chain synthesis was found predominantly in the unbound fractions of the oligo(dT)-cellulose columns. After puromycin treatment of polysomes, the myosin heavy chain messenger RNA, which sediments at 18-26 S, was associated with a ribonucleoprotein particle sedimenting between 30 and 40 S. Myosin heavy chain messenger RNA was obtained from cultures containing well-developed myotubes and from cultures undergoing myogenic cell fusion. This messenger RNA was not detectable in early, unfused cultures, or in later cultures in which myogenic ...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations20
  • References19
  • Citations20

Mentioned in this Paper

Polyribosomes
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
SDS-PAGE
Puromycin Dihydrochloride
Protein Biosynthesis
Reticulocytes
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Tritium
Chick Embryo
Muscle

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.