PMID: 1651597Sep 1, 1991

Myxoma virus expresses a secreted protein with homology to the tumor necrosis factor receptor gene family that contributes to viral virulence

Virology
C UptonG McFadden

Abstract

Poxviruses are known to contain a large number of open reading frames, particularly near the termini of the viral genome, that are not required for growth in tissue culture. However, many of these gene products are believed to play important roles in determining the virulence of the virus by modulating the host immune response to the infection. Recently it has been shown that Shope fibroma virus encodes, within the terminal inverted repeats, a protein (T2) related to the cellular tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) and which specifically binds both TNF alpha and TNF beta. We have sequenced the terminal regions of two other Leporipoxviruses (myxoma virus and malignant rabbit fibroma virus) that are extremely invasive and capable of inducing extensive immunosuppression in rabbits and demonstrate that they also encode a closely related T2 homolog with all the structural motifs predicted for a secreted TNF binding protein. To investigate the biological role of the T2 protein, we have inactivated the myxoma virus T2 gene within each copy of the viral TIR by the insertion of a dominant selectable marker (Escherichia coli guanosine phosphoribosyltransferase) and selection of the recombinant virus in the presence of mycophenolic acid...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

DNA, Viral
Genes, Reiterated
Genes, Viral
Myxoma virus
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Selfish DNA
Homologous Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Viral Proteins
Pathogenicity

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