N-Oleoyl-Phosphatidyl-Ethanolamine and Epigallo Catechin-3-Gallate Mitigate Oxidative Stress in Overweight and Class I Obese People on a Low-Calorie Diet

Journal of Medicinal Food
Roberta Cazzola, Mariangela Rondanelli

Abstract

Oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation are considered key factors linking obesity with its associated complications. Epigallo catechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and oleoylethanolamide, together with its phospholipid precursor N-oleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (NOPE), are nutritional compounds that might improve the oxidative stress status of obese people. Unfortunately, the bioavailability of these compounds is low; however, the coadministration of NOPE with EGCG has been shown to ameliorate both the plasma availability of EGCG and the intestinal levels of NOPE in rats. This double-blind placebo-controlled study investigated the effects of 2 months' supplementation with EGCG complexed with NOPE, combined with moderate energy restriction, on plasma oxidative status of overweight and class I obese subjects. A total of 138 subjects (body mass index: 25-35 kg/m2) were recruited and randomized into two groups: the first (n = 67) received caps of placebo and the second (n = 71) caps of an oily dispersion of EGCG complexed with NOPE for 2 months. Subjects' supplementation was combined with moderate energy restriction (-800 kcal/day). Plasma oxidative status was determined by measuring the levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), m...Continue Reading

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