Nov 15, 2019

N368-Tau fragments generated by legumain are detected only in trace amount in the insoluble Tau aggregates isolated from AD brain

Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Kerstin SchlegelLaura Gasparini

Abstract

Intraneuronal insoluble inclusions made of Tau protein are neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer Disease (AD). Cleavage of Tau by legumain (LGMN) has been proposed to be crucial for aggregation of Tau into fibrils. However, it remains unclear if LGMN-cleaved Tau fragments accumulate in AD Tau inclusions.Using an in vitro enzymatic assay and non-targeted mass spectrometry, we identified four putative LGMN cleavage sites at Tau residues N167-, N255-, N296- and N368. Cleavage at N368 generates variously sized N368-Tau fragments that are aggregation prone in the Thioflavin T assay in vitro. N368-cleaved Tau is not detected in the brain of legumain knockout mice, indicating that LGMN is required for Tau cleavage in the mouse brain in vivo. Using a targeted mass spectrometry method in combination with tissue fractionation and biochemical analysis, we investigated whether N368-cleaved Tau is differentially produced and aggregated in brain of AD patients and control subjects. In brain soluble extracts, despite reduced uncleaved Tau in AD, levels of N368-cleaved Tau are comparable in AD and control hippocampus, suggesting that LGMN-mediated cleavage of Tau is not altered in AD. Consistently, levels of activated, cleaved LGMN are also...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Brain
Viruses, Unclassified
Alzheimer's Disease
Mass Spectrometry
Site
Thioflavin T
Radiotherapy Fractionation
Enzyme Assays
Mice, Knockout

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