PMID: 7548139Oct 4, 1995Paper

Na-dependent glutamate transport in high K and high glutathione (HK/HG) and high K and low glutathione (HK/LG) dog red blood cells

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
H FujiseH Ochiai


Na-dependent glutamate (Glu) influxes in the red blood cells of normal low K (LK), high K and high glutathione (HK/HG), and high K and low glutathione (HK/LG) dogs were compared. The ranges of the influxes in LK, HK/HG and HK/LG cells were 1.0-63, 62-174 and 1.3-26 mumol/1 cells per h, respectively. Some LK and HK/LG dogs had red blood cells with extremely low Glu influxes. In cells with extremely low Glu influxes, however, there were clear Na-dependent Glu influxes. In LK, HK/HG and HK/LG cells, the Km of Na-dependent Glu influx with respect to the medium Glu concentration were 17, 20 and 19 mM, respectively, and the half-maximal activation (K1/2) with respect to medium Na concentration was 39, 40 and 42 microM, respectively. By the addition of harmaline, a hallucinogenic alkaloid, the Vmax in LK cells was not affected and the Km was increased, while the Vmax was decreased and the Km increased in HK/HG and HK/LG cells. The Ki value with harmaline by means of Dixon plot in LK cells was 5.2 mM, against 1.8 and 1.9 mM in HK/HG and HK/LG cells, respectively. These results suggest that the difference in the Na-dependent Glu influxes between 2 HK groups was due to the varying quantity, not the quality, of the transporter.


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