Na+-H+ exchange and other ion-transport systems in erythrocytes of essential hypertensives and spontaneously hypertensive rats: a comparative analysis

Journal of Hypertension
S N OrlovY V Postnov

Abstract

The activity of ion-transport systems and Ca2+-induced erythrocyte haemolysis were compared between patients with essential hypertension and two strains of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Previous data on the increased rate of Na+-Li+ countertransport in erythrocytes of essential hypertensives were confirmed in this study. However, identification of Na+-Li+ countertransport in rat erythrocytes remained a complicated person because of the high rate of sodium-independent efflux of Li+. The rate of Na+-H+ exchange increased by 50-80% both in spontaneously hypertensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (SHR) and in patients with essential hypertension. No difference between Milan hypertensive strain rats (MHS) and Milan normotensive strain rats (MNS) was found. The rate of Na+,K+ cotransport increased in SHR and MHS erythrocytes compared with rats of the control strains [normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and MNS; 30-50 and 90-110%, respectively]. No difference in this parameter was found between patients with essential hypertension and healthy subjects. Erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension and of SHR were characterized by a higher sensitivity of their K+ channels to the increased concentration of intracellular Ca2+. This parame...Continue Reading

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