NaCl absorption in the rabbit ileum. Effect of acid-base variables

Gastroenterology
A N Charney, R W Egnor

Abstract

In vivo and in vitro studies suggest that acid-base variables regulate ion transport in the rabbit ileum. The relative importance of these variables on active Na+ and Cl- absorption has not been defined. Isolated, stripped ileal segments were studied under short-circuited conditions in the Ussing flux chamber. Unidirectional 22Na and 36Cl fluxes were measured after changes in bathing solution pH, PCO2, and/or [HCO3-]. When pH was decreased from 7.6 to 7.1, net flux of Na+ increased from 0.1 +/- 0.7 to 2.6 +/- 0.7 mu Eq/cm2 per hour and net flux of Cl- increased from -2.0 +/- 0.9 to 1.3 +/- 0.6 mu Eq/cm2 per hour. These changes were rapid in onset, completely reversible, and accounted for by changes in mucosal-to-serosal fluxes of these ions. They were accompanied by small decreases in short-circuit current, but there were no changes in residual flux. These pH effects were not inhibited by the presence of luminal bumetanide (1 mmol/L), furosemide (1 mmol/L), hydroflumethiazide (1 mmol/L), or 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (1 mmol/L), or by the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor methazolamide (1 mmol/L). When data from all combinations of acid-base conditions were combined and analyzed by linear regression, pH was the onl...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 1, 1993·European Journal of Clinical Investigation·A J EhererG J Krejs
Aug 15, 2002·American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology·A N CharneyGurdip S Sidhu

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Carbonic Acid Ions
Miccil
Carbon Dioxide
Salix - substance
Diucardin
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ileum
Intestinal Absorption
Isotonic Solutions

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.