Dec 1, 1983

NAD+ analogue binding to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

European Journal of Biochemistry
L Wallen, G Branlant

Abstract

A series of NAD+ analogues, modified on the pyridinium ring, have been tested for their enzymic properties in reactions with D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase form sturgeon muscle, rabbit muscle and Bacillus stearothermophilus. The observed activity, inhibition and binding data are correlated to the structure of the enzyme and coenzyme analogue by model building on a Vector General interactive graphic display system using coordinates from the B. stearothermophilus holoenzyme structure. Most of the analogues with substituents in the pyridinium-3 position could be bound to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, either in manner similar to NAD+ or in a completely different way with the substituted pyridinium ring rotated 110 degrees or more around the glycosidic bond. This indicates different possible modes of binding of NAD+ analogues within the pyridinium binding subsite. Analogues with substituents in the pyridinium-4 position are shown to be weakly bound to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. This is explained by a strong interaction of the substituent in the 4 position with the residues Asn-313 and Cys-149.

Mentioned in this Paper

Structure-Activity Relationship
Neutrophil Actin Dysfunction
GAPDH gene
Analog
NADH
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Acipenser sturio
Geobacillus stearothermophilus
Muscle
Metabolic Inhibition

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.