PMID: 10607087Sep 1, 1993Paper

Naltrexone improves blood gas patterns in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome through its influence on sleep

Journal of Sleep Research
C FerberJ Mouret

Abstract

Endogenous opiates have been shown to depress ventilation, and could therefore play a role in sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS). Hence, opiate antagonists have been used to treat SAS. The improvement they seem to give in blood-gas monitoring could derive either from a direct blocking of endorphins that inhibit respiration or else, indirectly, through an influence on sleep patterns. The present study used a double blind cross-over protocol to investigate the relationships between the effects on blood-gas and on sleep patterns of the oral opiate antagonist naltrexone in obstructive SAS. Sleep patterns and transcutaneous blood gas (tcPO2 and tcPCO2) were recorded in parallel. Control recordings, without treatment, were carried out over two nights, followed by two nights of recording after administration either of naltrexone followed by a placebo or of a placebo followed by naltrexone. The number of obstructive apnoea and hypopnoea events per hour of sleep (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index: AHI), of hypoxic events (defined as a tcPO2 fall of at least 10, 15 or 20 mm Hg) and of hypercapnic events (defined as a tcPCO2 increase of at least 5 mm Hg) were counted. A Metabolic Suffering Index (MSI) was calculated, defined as the product of the number, d...Continue Reading

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