Oct 26, 2018

NanoMEA: a versatile platform for high-throughput analysis of structure-function relationships in human stem cell-derived excitable cells and tissues

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alec S T SmithDeok-Ho Kim

Abstract

Somatic cells derived from human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) sources hold significant potential as a means to improve current in vitro screening assays. However, their inconsistent ability to recapitulate the structural and functional characteristics of native cells has raised questions regarding their ability to accurately predict the functional behavior of human tissues when exposed to chemical or pathological insults. In addition, the lack of cytoskeletal organization within conventional culture platforms prevents analysis of how structural changes in human tissues affect functional performance. Using cation-permeable hydrogels, we describe the production of multiwell nanotopographically-patterned microelectrode arrays (nanoMEAs) for studying the effect of structural organization on hPSC-derived cardiomyocyte and neuronal function in vitro. We demonstrate that nanoscale topographic substrate cues promote the development of more ordered cardiac and neuronal monolayers while simultaneously enhancing cytoskeletal organization, protein expression patterns, and electrophysiological function in these cells. We then show that these phenotypic improvements act to alter the sensitivity of hPSC-derived cardiomyocytes to treatment wit...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microelectrodes
Patterns
Heart Block
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Neurons
Cytoskeletal Modeling
Organ
Hydrogels
Cations
Neuronal

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