Narcotrend or bispectral index monitoring during desflurane-remifentanil anesthesia: a comparison with a standard practice protocol.

Anesthesia and Analgesia
S KreuerW Wilhelm


Bispectral Index (BIS) (Aspect Medical Systems, Newton, MA) and Narcotrend (MonitorTechnik, Bad Bramstedt, Germany) are monitoring devices that were, as others, designed to assess the depth of anesthesia. Meanwhile, a number of studies indicate that with total IV anesthesia, BIS and Narcotrend have comparable effects on drug consumption and recovery times whereas comparative clinical data for volatile anesthetics are still missing. Therefore, we designed the present prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study to compare the effects of BIS and Narcotrend monitoring during desflurane-remifentanil anesthesia and versus a standard anesthetic practice protocol. One-hundred-twenty adult patients scheduled for minor orthopedic surgery were randomized to receive a desflurane-remifentanil anesthetic controlled either by Narcotrend or by BIS or solely by clinical variables. Anesthesia was induced with 0.4 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) remifentanil and 2 mg/kg propofol. After tracheal intubation, remifentanil was infused at a constant rate of 0.2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) whereas desflurane in 1.5 L/min O(2)/air was adjusted according to clinical variables or the following target values: during maintenance of anesthesia to a value of "D...Continue Reading


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Jul 2, 2003·Der Anaesthesist·W WilhelmR Larsen
Dec 24, 2003·Der Anaesthesist·B SchultzA Schultz

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