Aug 27, 2013

Nationwide temporal trends in incidence of hospitalization and surgical intestinal resection in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases in the United States from 1997 to 2009

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Jennifer C C deBruynGilaad G Kaplan

Abstract

Data are limited on temporal trends in outcomes of hospitalization and surgery in pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Thus, we evaluated the U.S. nationwide temporal trends for incidence of hospitalization and intestinal resection along with associated resource utilization. We used the Kids' Inpatient Database (1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009) to identify all admissions for children aged 18 years or younger with a primary CD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9]: 555.X) or UC (ICD-9: 556.X) diagnosis or a secondary CD or UC diagnosis and procedural code of intestinal resection. Poisson regression analysis was performed to evaluate time trends in the incidence of hospitalization, intestinal resection, and hospital resource utilization. The annual incidence of hospitalization was 5.7 and 3.5 per 100,000 children for CD and UC, respectively, with significant increases over time for CD (annual percent increase [API], 3.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.0%-4.5%) and UC (API, 4.5%; 95% CI, 4.3%-4.7%). Median hospital days per hospitalization for CD and UC remained stable, whereas median charge per hospitalization increased for CD (API, 4.1%; 95% CI, 2.6%-5.6%) and UC (API, 4.7%; ...Continue Reading

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References

  • References19
  • Citations18

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

IIeocolitis
Hospitalization
Teens
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Health Surveys
Regression Analysis
Colectomy
Intestines
Hospital Stay
Postoperative Complications

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