Native-resolution myocardial principal Eulerian strain mapping using convolutional neural networks and Tagged Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Computers in Biology and Medicine
Inas A YassineKhaled Z Abd-Elmoniem

Abstract

Assessment of regional myocardial function at native pixel-level resolution can play a crucial role in recognizing the early signs of the decline in regional myocardial function. Extensive data processing in existing techniques limits the effective resolution and accuracy of the generated strain maps. The purpose of this study is to compute myocardial principal strain maps εp1 and εp2 from tagged MRI (tMRI) at the native image resolution using deep-learning local patch convolutional neural network (CNN) models (DeepStrain). For network training, validation, and testing, realistic tMRI datasets were generated and consisted of 53,606 cine images simulating the heart, the liver, blood pool, and backgrounds, including ranges of shapes, positions, motion patterns, noise, and strain. In addition, 102 in-vivo image datasets from three healthy subjects, and three Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension patients, were acquired and used to assess the network's in-vivo performance. Four convolutional neural networks were trained for mapping input tagging patterns to corresponding ground-truth principal strains using different cost functions. Strain maps using harmonic phase analysis (HARP) were obtained with various spectral filtering settings fo...Continue Reading

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