Natural epigenetic polymorphisms lead to intraspecific variation in Arabidopsis gene imprinting

ELife
Daniela PignattaMary Gehring

Abstract

Imprinted gene expression occurs during seed development in plants and is associated with differential DNA methylation of parental alleles, particularly at proximal transposable elements (TEs). Imprinting variability could contribute to observed parent-of-origin effects on seed development. We investigated intraspecific variation in imprinting, coupled with analysis of DNA methylation and small RNAs, among three Arabidopsis strains with diverse seed phenotypes. The majority of imprinted genes were parentally biased in the same manner among all strains. However, we identified several examples of allele-specific imprinting correlated with intraspecific epigenetic variation at a TE. We successfully predicted imprinting in additional strains based on methylation variability. We conclude that there is standing variation in imprinting even in recently diverged genotypes due to intraspecific epiallelic variation. Our data demonstrate that epiallelic variation and genomic imprinting intersect to produce novel gene expression patterns in seeds.

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Related Concepts

Alleles
DNA Transposons
Variation (Genetics)
Genes, Plant
Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>
Genomic Imprinting
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
Genome, Plant
DNA Methylation
Alleles

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