PMID: 9066295Jan 1, 1997Paper

Natural killer cell activity during UVR-induced skin tumor formation in the Skh hairless mouse

Photochemistry and Photobiology
P A SteerenbergF R de Gruijl


We analyzed natural killer (NK) cell activity in the hairless albino Skh/HR1 mouse, to study whether the NK cell activity plays a role during UV radiation (UVR)-induced carcinogenesis. In 4 h 51Cr-release assays, spleen lymphocytes of specific pathogen-free (spf) Skh/HR1 mice displayed 5-10% spontaneous NK cell activity. This was comparable to NK cell activity in C57B1/6, C3H and athymic NMRI nu/nu mice, which were also kept under spf conditions. In all strains investigated, the low spontaneous NK cell activity could be increased up to 20-30% by intraperitoneal administration of polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (polyI:C), a standardized in vivo NK cell induction method. The polyI:C potentiation of NK cells in Skh/HR1 mice was similar to that in C57B1/6 and NMRI, but significantly less than in C3H mice. Chronic daily UV irradiation according to a protocol that was also used for induction of carcinogenesis (11-12 weeks, 95 mJ/cm2 of UV exposure from FS40 sunlamps) did not decrease NK cell activity on a cell for cell basis. Neither was the inducibility of NK spleen cell activity with polyI:C in Skh/HR1 mice during UV exposure reduced. Based on total organ basis, the pooled lymph node cells (axillary, mandibulary and inguinal lymph ...Continue Reading


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