Feb 4, 2015

Natural Selection Shapes the Mosaic Ancestry of the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel and the D. melanogaster Reference Genome

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
John E Pool

Abstract

North American populations of Drosophila melanogaster are thought to derive from both European and African source populations, but despite their importance for genetic research, patterns of admixture along their genomes are essentially undocumented. Here, I infer geographic ancestry along genomes of the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) and the D. melanogaster reference genome. Overall, the proportion of African ancestry was estimated to be 20% for the DGRP and 9% for the reference genome. Based on the size of admixture tracts and the approximate timing of admixture, I estimate that the DGRP population underwent roughly 13.9 generations per year. Notably, ancestry levels varied strikingly among genomic regions, with significantly less African introgression on the X chromosome, in regions of high recombination, and at genes involved in specific processes such as circadian rhythm. An important role for natural selection during the admixture process was further supported by a genome-wide signal of ancestry disequilibrium, in that many between-chromosome pairs of loci showed a deficiency of Africa-Europe allele combinations. These results support the hypothesis that admixture between partially genetically isolated Drosophil...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1
Size
Patterns
African Burkitt's Lymphoma
Genome
Genes
Tract
Spatial Mosaic

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