PMID: 248137May 1, 1978Paper

Nature of the heterogeneity of 30S ribosomal subparticles in vitro. I. Effect of large centrifugal fields during 30S subparticle isolation on their capacity for codon-dependent tRNA binding

Molekuliarnaia biologiia
S V KirillovIu P Semenkov

Abstract

Measurements of association constants (Ka) of specific [14C]Phe-tRNAPhe with a 30S..poly(U) complex revealed that values of these constants vary from 0.5.10(7) up to 1.5.10(8) M--1 when different 30S subunit preparations were used at the same medium conditions (20 mM Mg2+, 200 mM NH4, 0 degrees C). Analysis of these data showed that the higher the rotor speeds were used during separation of 70S ribosomes into subunits, the less Ka values were measured. In special experiments on sedimentation of pure 30S subunits at different rotor speeds it was found that the decrease of Ka values was caused due to the additional reversible dissocation of ribosomal proteins from 30S subunits at high (the order of 100 000.g) centrifugal fields. As a possible mechanism of such dissociation we suggest the influence of high hydrostatic pressure on the association constants of S-proteins with 30S subunits. Data presented in this paper demonstrate that at least one of the reasons for the physical and functional heterogeneity of 30S subunits in vitro derives from the application of high centrifugal fields during isolation of ribosomal subunits.

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.