NCAM and attached polysialic acid affect behaviors of breast epithelial cells through differential signaling pathways

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Lin CaoFeng Guan

Abstract

Background Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), a common mammalian cell surface glycoprotein, is the major substrate of polysialic acid (polySia). Polysialylated NCAM occurs in many types of cancer, but rarely in normal adult tissues. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important process contributing to tumor metastasis. The functional role of NCAM hypersialylation in EMT is unclear. Method Expression of NCAM and polysialylated NCAM in breast cancer progression were evaluated by western blot (WB), immunohistochemistry, semi-quantitative PCR and immunoprecipitation (IP). Overexpression of NCAM-140 and ST8SiaII were performed to assess the functional role of NCAM hypersialylation by liposome transfection. Cell proliferation ability was investigated with MTT assay. Transwell and wound closure assay were conducted to evaluate cell migratory ability. Phagokinetic gold sol assay and cell adhesion assay were performed to assess cell motility ability and cell adhesion ability, respectively. Furthermore, WB and IP were used to reveal the activated signaling pathway. Results The present study indicates that NCAM and attached polysialic acid affect behaviors of breast epithelial cells through differential signaling pathways, ba...Continue Reading

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