Mar 25, 2020

Grain number and genotype drive nitrogen-dependent yield response in the C4 model Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T. BandyopadhyayManoj Prasad

Abstract

Fertiliser nitrogen (N) drives crop yields and requires the breeding and selection of cultivars that are inherently highly N responsive. For major cereal crops such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) breeding over time has led to enhanced N use in modern cultivars however there remains a gap in understanding the N responsiveness of minor cereals grains, many of which are highly relevant to global food security. Here we investigate response to increasing N availability in a diverse population of Setaria italica (L., foxtail millet) accessions demonstrating that N-driven yield increase is dependent on grain number rather than individual grain weight. Within the population, some accessions responded strongly to increased N availability while others show little yield improvement under high N. Genetic markers were generated to enable investigation of N responsiveness at a genome-wide level, highlighting likely underlying causal loci, especially for grains per plant. Despite the lack of response in terms of yield increase, a non-responsive accession shows a strong transcriptional response suggesting different metabolic functioning under high vs low N. Our results show major differences in N responsiveness in S. italica and provide novel...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Genes
Pan troglodytes
Staphylococcal Protein A
Open Reading Frames
Neanderthals
Macaca mulatta
DNAH10OS gene
Macaca
Gene Duplication

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.