Dec 4, 2012

Near intron pairs and the metazoan tree

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Jörg LehmannVeiko Krauss

Abstract

Gene structure data can substantially advance our understanding of metazoan evolution and deliver an independent approach to resolve conflicts among existing hypotheses. Here, we used changes of spliceosomal intron positions as novel phylogenetic marker to reconstruct the animal tree. This kind of data is inferred from orthologous genes containing mutually exclusive introns at pairs of sequence positions in close proximity, so-called near intron pairs (NIPs). NIP data were collected for 48 species and utilized as binary genome-level characters in maximum parsimony (MP) analyses to reconstruct deep metazoan phylogeny. All groupings that were obtained with more than 80% bootstrap support are consistent with currently supported phylogenetic hypotheses. This includes monophyletic Chordata, Vertebrata, Nematoda, Platyhelminthes and Trochozoa. Several other clades such as Deuterostomia, Protostomia, Arthropoda, Ecdysozoa, Spiralia, and Eumetazoa, however, failed to be recovered due to a few problematic taxa such as the mite Ixodesand the warty comb jelly Mnemiopsis. The corresponding unexpected branchings can be explained by the paucity of synapomorphic changes of intron positions shared between some genomes, by the sensitivity of MP...Continue Reading

  • References62
  • Citations3

References

  • References62
  • Citations3

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Phylum Hemichordata
Ciona intestinalis
Apis mellifera
Takifugu rubripes
Mnemiopsis leidyi
Brugia malayi
Pancrustacea
Brachiopoda
Mites

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