Necropsy study of right atrial appendage: morphology and quantitative measurements

Clinical Cardiology
A S ManolisS J Baptist

Abstract

The right atrial appendage (RAA) of 23 randomly selected autopsied patients was examined at necropsy, and data related to orifice size and appendicular depth measurements and features of the endocardial surface were recorded. The study included 21 men and 2 women aged 71 +/- 15 years (range, 32-91); underlying coronary artery disease was present in 16 patients. The orifice size of the RAA measured 2.0 +/- 1.0 cm (range, 0-5 cm). The orifice size was slightly, but not significantly, smaller in patients over age 70 years compared with those younger than 70. In hearts weighing more than 450 g, the orifice was significantly larger (2.6 cm) than in hearts weighing less (1.4 cm). The appendicular depth averaged 1.2 +/- 0.7 cm (range, 0-2.5 cm), and a significant difference was noted in patients older and younger than 70 years (depth of 0.9 cm vs. 1.5 cm; p less than 0.05). The RAA depth was 0.5 cm or less in 8 patients (35%), 6 of whom represented patients older than 70 years. Antemortem mural thrombi within the RAA were found in three hearts and completely filled the lumen in one. The suitability of the RAA as a site for atrial pacing and secure electrode implantation, particularly when anatomical deficiencies are identified, was al...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 14, 1997·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·D T ConnellyJ Lipke
Sep 23, 2014·Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography·Alberto CrestiSilva Severi
Jan 1, 1994·Cardiovascular Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology·R YaromJ Schaper
Jul 28, 2016·Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia·Melissa ColizzaRoupen Hatzakorzian
May 11, 2019·Anatomical Science International·Renato RissiHumberto Santo Neto
Nov 20, 2016·Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA·Cai-Ying LiQi-Bin Liao

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