Necrotising pneumonia is an increasingly detected complication of pneumonia in children

The European Respiratory Journal
G S SawickiA A Colin

Abstract

Necrotising pneumonia (NP) is a severe complication of community-acquired pneumonia characterised by liquefaction and cavitation of lung tissue. The present study describes the epidemiology, aetiology, management and outcomes of children hospitalised with NP over a 15-yr period. A retrospective observational study of NP cases was conducted from January 1990 to February 2005 analysing clinical presentation, laboratory data, hospital course and long-term follow-up. A total of 80 NP cases were identified, with the number of detected cases increasing from 12, in the period 1993-1996, to 40 in the period 2001-2004. In total, 69 (86%) cases had pleural effusion with a low pH (mean 7.08) and 38 (48%) patients had positive cultures, with Streptococcus pneumoniae as the predominant organism. Recently, other organisms, most notably methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, emerged. Patients had prolonged hospitalisations (median 12 days). A total of 69 patients required pleural interventions and those receiving chest drainage alone had similar outcomes to those managed surgically. All patients had full clinical resolution within 2 months of presentation. Necrotising pneumonia has increasingly been identified as a complication of paedi...Continue Reading

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