PMID: 44939Dec 1, 1979

Neisseriaceae, a group of bacteria with dihydrofolate reductases, moderately susceptible to trimethoprim

Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten Und Hygiene. Erste Abteilung Originale. Reihe A: Medizinische Mikrobiologie Und Parasitologie
R L Then

Abstract

Dihydrofolate reductases of five species of the family Neisseriaceae were compared by means of inhibition profiles, using several structurally different inhibitors, including trimethoprim (TMP) and pyrimethamine. All enzymes were seen to be highly susceptible to the folate analog aminopterin, but exhibited moderate susceptibility to all other inhibitors tested. Approximately 200-fold higher concentrations of TMP were needed to inhibit neisserial reductases as compared to the E. coli enzyme. Besides poor penetration this is assumed to be the main basis for the low susceptibility of neisseriae to TMP. In addition to TMP all other inhibitors were also moderately active or inactive in vitro. The enzymatic differences, as seen from inhibition profiles, were statistically significant but small among all species of the genus Neisseria. Branhamella catarrhalis on the other hand was seen to be far less related to the other neisseriae, as seen by the inhibition profile of its reductase, its dihydrofolate reductase conttent, as well as by its in vitro properties.

Related Concepts

Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Neisseriaceae
DHFR
Sulfonamides
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Trimpex
Folic Acid Antagonists

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