Aug 29, 2019

Neoadjuvant Talazoparib for Patients With Operable Breast Cancer With a Germline BRCA Pathogenic Variant

Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jennifer Keating LittonBanu Arun


Talazoparib has demonstrated efficacy in patients with BRCA-positive metastatic breast cancer. This study evaluated the pathologic response of talazoparib alone for 6 months in patients with a known germline BRCA pathogenic variant (gBRCA-positive) and operable breast cancer. Eligibility included 1 cm or larger invasive tumor and gBRCA-positive disease. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive tumors were excluded. Twenty patients underwent a pretreatment biopsy, 6 months of once per day oral talazoparib (1 mg), followed by definitive surgery. Patients received adjuvant therapy at physician's discretion. The primary end point was residual cancer burden (RCB). With 20 patients, the RCB-0 plus RCB-I response rate can be estimated with a 95% CI with half width less than 20%. Twenty patients were enrolled from August 2016 to September 2017. Median age was 38 years (range, 23 to 58 years); 16 patients were gBRCA1 positive and 4 patients were gBRCA2 positive. Fifteen patients had triple-negative breast cancer (estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor < 10%), and five had hormone receptor-positive disease. Five patients had clinical stage I disease, 12 had stage II, and three had stage III, including one patient with inflammat...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

ErbB-2 Receptor
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage I
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Hormone Receptor
Administration of Antineoplastic Agent

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