PMID: 7539836Jun 1, 1995Paper

Neonatal-onset propionic acidemia: neurologic and developmental profiles, and implications for management

The Journal of Pediatrics
K N NorthM L Warman

Abstract

To document the clinical and neurodevelopmental profiles of a cohort of patients with neonatal-onset propionic acidemia and to determine the efficacy of current therapy with respect to outcome. The clinical, neurologic, and developmental status of six patients was prospectively evaluated during a 15-month period. Previous clinical and biochemical data were ascertained from hospital records to determine longitudinal nutritional status, number of episodes of hyperammonemia with ketoacidosis, and developmental performance with respect to age. No deaths resulted from propionic acidemia since the identification of the oldest patient in the series in 1980. Therapeutic intervention (e.g., gastrostomy tube feeding) resulted in improved nutritional status and possibly contributed to improved survival. All children had hypotonia, resulting in a significant effect on motor development; however, focal neurologic deficits and evidence of movement or seizure disorder were absent. Mild cortical atrophy was evident on cranial magnetic resonance imaging in four patients. All children, including two patients with no significant episodes of hyperammonemia and normal growth since the neonatal period, had a mild to moderate degree of intellectual i...Continue Reading

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