PMID: 4040564Aug 1, 1985Paper

Neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia with premature rupture of fetal membranes and oligohydramnios

The Journal of Pediatrics
D W ThibeaultD H O'Neill

Abstract

We assessed pulmonary function and compression deformities in 76 preterm infants less than or equal to 34 weeks gestation who had premature rupture of membranes (PROM) for longer than 5 days (mean +/- SD 18.8 +/- 15.4 days, range 6 to 90 days). Twenty-one of the 76 infants had oligohydramnios and positional deformities at birth; however, only two infants met all the criteria for the oligohydramnios tetrad. All 21 required assisted ventilation from the moment of birth. Twenty infants had clinical evidence of pulmonary hypoplasia; 18 of these died. Pulmonary hypoplasia was confirmed by significantly low wet lung weights, low lung DNA content, or low radial alveolar counts in the 13 infants with postmortem examinations. Fifty-five infants with PROM for longer than 5 days did not have positional deformities. Twenty-one required assisted ventilation, of whom 10 had severe oligohydramnios. Eleven of the 21 died; autopsies were performed. All had normal wet lung weights, but seven had significantly decreased radial alveolar counts, implying a less severe but still fatal form of pulmonary hypoplasia. None of the remaining 34 infants had lung disease, and only three had oligohydramnios. We conclude that pulmonary hypoplasia can result f...Continue Reading

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