Apr 15, 2020

Yeast FIT2 homolog is necessary to maintain cellular proteostasis by regulating lipid homeostasis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
P. ShyuGuillaume Thibault

Abstract

Lipid droplets (LDs) have long been regarded as inert cytoplasmic organelles with the primary function of housing excess intracellular lipids. More recently, LDs have been strongly implicated in conditions of lipid and protein dysregulation. The fat storage inducing transmembrane (FIT) family of proteins comprises of evolutionarily conserved endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident proteins that have been reported to induce LD formation. Here, we establish a model system to study the role of S. cerevisiae FIT homologues (ScFIT), SCS3 and YFT2, in proteostasis and stress response pathways. While LD biogenesis and basal ER stress-induced unfolded protein response (UPR) remain unaltered in ScFIT mutants, SCS3 was found to be essential for proper stress-induced UPR activation and for viability in the absence of the sole yeast UPR transducer IRE1. Devoid of a functional UPR, scs3 mutants exhibited accumulation of triacylglycerol within the ER along with aberrant LD morphology, suggesting a UPR-dependent compensatory mechanism for LD maturation. Additionally, SCS3 was necessary to maintain phospholipid homeostasis. Strikingly, the absence of the ScFIT proteins results in the downregulation of the closely-related Heat Shock Response (HSR) ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Feminization
Patterns
Fat Pad
Circadian Clocks
Energy Metabolism
Brain
Pilot Projects
Drosophila
Hormone Secretion
Sexual Dimorphism

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