DOI: 10.1101/509638Jan 1, 2019Paper

Neural differentiation is increased by GSK-3β inhibition and decreased by tankyrase inhibition in human neural precursor cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michael Telias, Dalit Ben-Yosef

Abstract

Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3b) and tankyrase-1/2 (TANK) are two enzymes known to play multiple roles in cell biology, including regulation of proliferation, differentiation and metabolism. Both of them act on the canonical Wnt/beta-Catenin pathway, but are also involved in many other independent intracellular mechanisms. More importantly, GSK-3b and TANK have been shown to play crucial roles in different diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders. The GSK-3b-inhibitor CHIR, and the TANK-inhibitor XAV are two pyrimidine molecules, holding high potential as possible therapeutic drugs. However, their effect on neural tissue is poorly understood. In this study, we tested the effects of CHIR and XAV on human neural precursor cells (hNPCs) derived from human embryonic stem cells. We found that CHIR-mediated inhibition of GSK-3b promotes neural differentiation. In contrast, XAV-mediated inhibition of TANK leads to de-differentiation. These results highlight the relative importance of these two enzymes in determining the neurodevelopmental status of hNPCs. Furthermore, they shed light on the roles of Wnt signaling during early human neurogenesis.

Related Concepts

Malignant Neoplasms
Cell Differentiation Process
Cytology
Metabolism
Nervous System Disorder
Protein KINASE
Intracellular
Inhibitors
glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta
Cell Proliferation

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