DOI: 10.1101/455485Oct 29, 2018Paper

Neural Dynamics of Executive Function in Cognitively-able Kindergarteners with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as Predictors of Concurrent Academic Achievement

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
So Hyun KimNathan Fox

Abstract

Although electrophysiological (EEG) measures of executive functions (EF) (e.g. error monitoring) have been used to predict academic achievement in typically developing (TD) children, work investigating a link between error monitoring, and academic skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. In the current study, we employed traditional electrophysiological and advanced time-frequency methods, combined with principal components analyses, to extract neural activity related to error monitoring, and tested their relations to academic achievement in cognitively-able kindergarteners with ASD. Thirty-five cognitively-able kindergarteners with ASD completed academic assessments and the child-friendly Zoo Game Go/No-go task at school entry. The Go/No-go task successfully elicited an error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe) in children with ASD as young as 5 years at medio-frontal and posterior electrode sites, respectively. We also observed increased response-related theta power during errors relative to correct trials at medio-frontal sites. Both larger Pe and theta power significantly predicted concurrent academic achievement after controlling for behavioral performance on the Zoo Game and IQ. Th...Continue Reading

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