PMID: 2791679Oct 1, 1989

Neural respiratory drive and neuromuscular coupling during CO2 rebreathing in patients with chronic interstitial lung disease

M GoriniG Scano


In 12 patients with CILD and 18 age-matched normal subjects we assessed the ventilatory control system at three levels: (a) neural, as assessed by EMGd (XP/Ti) and EMGint muscles via surface electrodes; (b) muscular, as assessed by mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1); and (c) ventilatory, as assessed by both ventilation (VE) and the related parameters, tidal volume (VT) and respiratory frequency (f). Compared with a normal control group, patients exhibited a significant decrease in lung volumes and in MIP; VT and inspiratory time (Ti) were significantly lower, while VT/Ti, P0.1, and both EMGd and EMGint were significantly greater in patients. During a CO2 rebreathing test, patients exhibited significantly greater EMGd, EMGint, and P0.1 responses to increasing PETCO2 than the control group. VE response slopes were similar in the two groups. For a given EMGd response slope (delta XP/Ti/delta PETCO2), the average P0.1 response slope (delta P0.1/delta PETCO2) was found to be significantly lower in patients than in the normal control group. Compared with normal subjects, CILD patients have a normal or increased neural component of respiratory activity and relatively low neuromuscular coupling (delta P0.1/delta XP/Ti). The decreased neur...Continue Reading


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