Aug 1, 1984

Neurochemical changes in murine trisomy 16: delay in cholinergic and catecholaminergic systems

Journal of Neurochemistry
P T OzandM L Oster-Granite


Two strains of Mus musculus musculus, C57BL/6J and CD-1, and Mus musculus poschiavinus, the tobacco mouse, were used to study the effects of increased gene dosage of mouse chromosome 16 (MMU 16). A developmental delay has been found in the brains of murine trisomy 16 (Ts16) fetuses. Both the brain weight (in all three strains) and DNA content (in CD-1) were reduced, while protein content was unchanged in Ts16 compared to normal littermates. The daily increments of weight and protein (except in M. m. poschiavinus) were significantly greater in Ts16. The activities of choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase and muscarinic receptor binding were reduced. Their daily increments were also reduced to less than 56% that of littermates in Ts16 brains. The rate limiting enzymes of catecholaminergic neurons, tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine beta-hydroxylase, and the concentration of catecholamines in the brains of Ts16 animals were lower. The activities of three other catecholaminergic enzymes, DOPA decarboxylase, catechol O-methyltransferase, and monoamine oxidase, were generally elevated in Ts16 brain, as were their daily increments. These observations indicate a significant developmental alteration in the maturation of the ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Enzymes, antithrombotic
Acute Cholinergic Dysautonomia
Catecholamines Measurement
Monoamine Oxidase [PK]
House mice

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