Neurocognitive patterns dissociating semantic processing from executive control are linked to more detailed off-task mental time travel.

Scientific Reports
Hao-Ting WangJonathan Smallwood


Features of ongoing experience are common across individuals and cultures. However, certain people express specific patterns of thought to a greater extent than others. Contemporary psychological theory assumes that individual differences in thought patterns occur because different types of experience depend on the expression of different neurocognitive processes. Consequently, individual variation in the underlying neurocognitive architecture is hypothesised to determine the ease with which certain thought patterns are generated or maintained. Our study (N = 178) tested this hypothesis using multivariate pattern analysis to infer shared variance among measures of cognitive function and neural organisation and examined whether these latent variables explained reports of the patterns of on-going thoughts people experienced in the lab. We found that relatively better performance on tasks relying primarily on semantic knowledge, rather than executive control, was linked to a neural functional organisation associated, via meta-analysis, with task labels related to semantic associations (sentence processing, reading and verbal semantics). Variability of this functional mode predicted significant individual variation in the types of ...Continue Reading


Aug 27, 2005·Human Brain Mapping·E LudersA W Toga
Jul 4, 2006·The American Journal of Psychiatry·Antonio Y HardanNancy J Minshew
Nov 1, 2006·Psychological Bulletin·Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W Schooler
Dec 5, 2006·Hippocampus·Tom HartleyNeil Burgess
Jun 20, 2007·Psychological Science·Anson J Whitmer, Marie T Banich
Oct 18, 2008·Memory & Cognition·Jonathan SmallwoodJonathan W Schooler
Feb 13, 2009·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Jennifer C McVay, Michael J Kane
Mar 21, 2009·Cerebral Cortex·Matthew S PanizzonWilliam S Kremen
Jul 4, 2009·Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology·Daniela M Witten, Robert J Tibshirani
Dec 8, 2009·Behavioural Brain Research·Thomas Suddendorf, Michael C Corballis
Jun 28, 2011·Nature Methods·Tal YarkoniTor D Wager
Jul 20, 2011·Human Brain Mapping·R Cameron CraddockHelen S Mayberg
Oct 19, 2011·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Jennifer C McVay, Michael J Kane
May 23, 2012·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Muireann IrishOlivier Piguet
Jun 6, 2012·Molecular Psychiatry·C SchillingUNKNOWN IMAGEN consortium (
Sep 4, 2012·Psychological Science·Benjamin BairdJonathan W Schooler
Mar 6, 2013·Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expérimentale·Benjamin W Mooneyham, Jonathan W Schooler
Aug 24, 2013·Frontiers in Psychology·Jonathan Smallwood, Jessica Andrews-Hanna
Oct 9, 2014·Annual Review of Psychology·Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W Schooler
Nov 21, 2015·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·James DaveyElizabeth Jefferies
May 20, 2016·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Heidi M BonniciJon S Simons
Oct 19, 2016·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Kalina ChristoffJessica R Andrews-Hanna
May 1, 2017·NeuroImage·Danilo Bzdok, B T Thomas Yeo
Aug 15, 2017·Neuropsychologia·Hannah ThompsonElizabeth Jefferies
Nov 14, 2017·Psychological Science·Hao-Ting WangJonathan Smallwood
Feb 15, 2018·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Cornelia McCormickEleanor A Maguire
Mar 17, 2018·Psychological Science·Paul SeliDaniel Smilek
May 20, 2018·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Paul SeliDaniel Smilek
Jul 31, 2018·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·Siddharth RamananMuireann Irish
Aug 3, 2018·Nature Communications·Cedric Huchuan XiaTheodore D Satterthwaite
Aug 29, 2018·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Mladen SormazJonathan Smallwood
Sep 18, 2018·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Kalina ChristoffJulia W Y Kam
Jan 18, 2019·Psychological Science·Shelly L GableJonathan W Schooler
Feb 6, 2019·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Claire O'CallaghanMuireann Irish

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

surfstat Matlab

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.