Neurodevelopmental and neuroradiologic outcomes in patients with univentricular heart aged 5 to 7 years: related risk factor analysis

The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Anne SarajuuriTuula Lönnqvist

Abstract

Despite improved survival and neurodevelopmental outcome, children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other forms of univentricular heart remain at increased risk for cognitive, motor, and other neurologic deficits. We examined 27 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or other forms of univentricular heart at a median age of 5.70 years (range 4.99-7.51 years) and performed brain computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging on 20. Possible risk factors were correlated with outcome. Mean full-scale IQ among patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome was 86.7; that among patients with other forms of univentricular heart was 89.1, with both differing significantly from the expected population mean (P = .015 and P = .029, respectively). Cerebral palsy was diagnosed in 1 of 7 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and 2 of 20 with other forms of univentricular heart. Brain computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging revealed ischemic changes and infarcts or atrophy in 5 of 8 patients who had undergone the Norwood procedure and in 2 of 12 of those who had not (P = .062). Abnormal computed tomographic findings correlated significantly with lower full-scale IQ (P = .045) and verbal IQ (P = .02). In the...Continue Reading

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