Jul 10, 1999

Neurohormonal peptides, serotonin, and nitric oxide synthase in the enteric nervous system and endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal tract of neotenic and thyroid hormone-treated axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum)

Cell and Tissue Research
C MaakeManfred Reinecke

Abstract

Immunoreactivity against vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neurotensin (NT), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), gastrin/cholecystokinin (GAS/CCK), somatostatin (SOM), serotonin (SER), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was investigated in the gastrointestinal tract of the urodele Ambystoma mexicanum, the axolotl, by the use of immunohistochemical techniques. The study also compares the distribution patterns and frequencies of the neurohormones, and NOS in neotenic and thyroxine-treated (metamorphosed) individuals. GAS/CCK, SP, NT, SOM, and SER immunoreactivities occurred in endocrine mucosal cells and VIP, SP, CGRP, NTSER, SER, and NOS immunoreactivities in the enteric nervous system. The GAS/CCK-immunoreactive (-IR) cells were restricted to the upper small intestine. NT-IR and SP-IR endocrine cells were found in the entire gastrointestinal tract and were most prominent in the distal large intestine. The density of the SOM-IR cells decreased from the stomach toward the large intestine. SER-IR endocrine cells were found throughout the gastrointestinal tract, with particularly high densities in the stomach and distal large intestine. The VIP-IR enteric nerve fibers were the most prominent ones, present ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations6

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

CALCA gene
Cholecystokinin
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
Arterial System
CALCA wt Allele
Cerebellar Mossy Fibers
Immunoreactivity
Novothyral
Large Intestine
Serotonin Measurement

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C, Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology
P ShonnardK M Sanders
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Monika Sundqvist, Susanne Holmgren
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C, Pharmacology, Toxicology & Endocrinology
G E Knight, G Burnstock
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved