Jul 10, 1999

Neurohormonal peptides, serotonin, and nitric oxide synthase in the enteric nervous system and endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal tract of neotenic and thyroid hormone-treated axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum)

Cell and Tissue Research
C MaakeManfred Reinecke


Immunoreactivity against vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neurotensin (NT), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), gastrin/cholecystokinin (GAS/CCK), somatostatin (SOM), serotonin (SER), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was investigated in the gastrointestinal tract of the urodele Ambystoma mexicanum, the axolotl, by the use of immunohistochemical techniques. The study also compares the distribution patterns and frequencies of the neurohormones, and NOS in neotenic and thyroxine-treated (metamorphosed) individuals. GAS/CCK, SP, NT, SOM, and SER immunoreactivities occurred in endocrine mucosal cells and VIP, SP, CGRP, NTSER, SER, and NOS immunoreactivities in the enteric nervous system. The GAS/CCK-immunoreactive (-IR) cells were restricted to the upper small intestine. NT-IR and SP-IR endocrine cells were found in the entire gastrointestinal tract and were most prominent in the distal large intestine. The density of the SOM-IR cells decreased from the stomach toward the large intestine. SER-IR endocrine cells were found throughout the gastrointestinal tract, with particularly high densities in the stomach and distal large intestine. The VIP-IR enteric nerve fibers were the most prominent ones, present ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CALCA gene
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
Arterial System
CALCA wt Allele
Cerebellar Mossy Fibers
Large Intestine
Serotonin Measurement

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