DOI: 10.1101/19002147Aug 26, 2019Paper

Neuroimaging biomarkers differentiate Parkinson disease with and without cognitive impairment and dementia

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Conor Owens-WaltonO. Hansson

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease places a high burden on patients and is likely a precursor to Parkinson disease-related dementia. Studying the functional connectivity and morphology of subcortical structures within basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits may uncover neuroimaging biomarkers of cognitive dysfunction in PD. We used an atlas-based seed region-of-interest approach to investigate resting-state functional connectivity of important subdivisions of the caudate nucleus, putamen and thalamus, between controls (n = 33), cognitively unimpaired Parkinson disease subjects (n = 33), Parkinson disease subjects with mild cognitive impairment (n = 22) and Parkinson disease subjects with dementia (n = 17). We then investigated how the morphology of the caudate, putamen and thalamus structures and differed between groups. Results indicate that cognitively unimpaired Parkinson disease subjects, compared to controls, display increased functional connectivity of the dorsal caudate, anterior putamen and mediodorsal thalamic subdivisions with areas across the frontal lobe, as well as reduced functional connectivity of the dorsal caudate with posterior cortical and cerebellar regions. Compared to controls, Parkinson disease...Continue Reading

Software Mentioned

FSLEyes
FLIRT
FLAME
MELODIC
FNIRT
SPSS
FIRST
FIX
R
PDM

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.

Basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease (MDS)

The basal ganglia is comprised of the neostriatum, the external and internal pallidal segments, the subthalamic nucleus, the substantia nigra pars reticulata, and the pars compacta of the substantia nigra. The basal ganglia circuitry is responsible for the correct execution of voluntary movements and is implicated in Parkinson's disease. Here is the latest research investigating the basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease.

Related Papers

Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
J HaanO J Buruma
Tidsskrift for den Norske lægeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny række
Dag Arsland
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved