Nov 24, 2016

Neurological manifestations of Zika virus infection

World Journal of Virology
Ana-Belén Blázquez, Juan-Carlos Saiz

Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus (Flaviviridae family) transmitted mainly by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus was restricted to the African continent until its spread to south-east Asia in the 1980's, the Micronesia in 2007, the French Polynesia in 2013 and, more recently in the Americas in 2015, where, up to date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated about 3-4 million total cases of ZIKV infection. During outbreaks in the French Polynesia and Brazil in 2013 and 2015, respectively, national health authorities reported potential neurological complications of ZIKV disease, chiefly an upsurge in Guillain-Barré syndrome, which coincided with ZIKV outbreaks. On the other hand, the emergence of ZIKV in Brazil has been associated with a striking increase in the number of reported cases of microcephaly in fetus and newborns, twenty times higher than in that reported in previous years. While investigations are currently assessing whether there is an actual association between neurological complications and ZIKV infections, the evidence was enough worrisome for WHO to declare a public health emergency of international concern. Here we present an updated review addressing what is currently known about the possible association bet...Continue Reading

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References

  • References80
  • Citations21

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Neurologic Complication
Entire Fetus
Virus
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae
World Health Organization
Aedes aegypti
Microcephaly
Public Entity
Aedes

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