Jun 15, 2006

Neuropharmacologic distinction of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension syndromes

Clinical Neuropharmacology
Y SharabiD S Goldstein

Abstract

Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (OH) characterizes pure autonomic failure (PAF), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and Parkinson disease (PD) with autonomic failure. We used neuropharmacologic probes that might distinguish these diseases based on loss of sympathetic noradrenergic nerves in PAF and PD + OH but not in MSA, and related the results to neurochemical and neuroimaging findings in the same patients. Patients with neurogenic OH (PD + OH; N = 35), MSA (N = 41), and PAF (N = 12) received iv trimethaphan (TRI), which inhibits sympathetic nerve traffic, or yohimbine (YOH), which stimulates sympathetic traffic. Dependent measures included blood pressure, plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels, and interventricular septal myocardial radioactivity after iv injection of the sympathoneural imaging agent, 6-[F]fluorodopamine. The PD + OH and PAF groups had smaller pressor responses to YOH (12 +/- 8 and 13 +/- 1 mm Hg) and depressor responses to TRI (-14 +/- 8 and -17 +/- 7 mm Hg) than did the MSA group (43 +/- 8 mm Hg, -57 +/- 8 mm Hg; P = 0.01, P = 0.03). The PD + OH and MSA groups did not differ in NE responses to YOH and TRI. The depressor response to TRI, the pressor response to YOH, and the blood pressure difference between YOH a...Continue Reading

  • References18
  • Citations20

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Yohimbin Spiegel
Nervousness
Intravenous Injections
Sympathetic Nerve Structure
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Myocardium
Hypotension, Orthostatic
Entire Sympathetic Nerve
Left Ventricular Function
Neurofibrosarcoma

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