PMID: 2576838Jan 1, 1989

Neurotransmitter effects on inhibitory burst neurons in the cat

Acta Oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
N FuruyaH Ashikawa


The present experiment was designed to determine which neurotransmitter influences the burst pattern in the firing of the inhibitory burst neurons (IBN) during vestibular nystagmus. Cats were anesthetized with ether and mounted in a stereotaxic apparatus on a turntable, implanted stimulation electrodes, removed occipital bone and aspirated the vermal part of cerebellum. After the operation ether was discontinued. The recordings took place with the cats in an alert condition created by upper cervical cord transsection, artificial respiration and local anesthesia by infiltrating 0.5% lidocaine into the semilunar ganglions every two hours. We also employed iontophoretic application of the various drugs: GABA, muscimol, glycine, serotonin (5-HT) and bicuculline through seven-barrelled glass micropipettes. GABA or muscimol did not influence nystagmus rhythm, but both chemicals caused strong suppression of burst activities in IBN. Since this inhibitory effect of GABA was suppressed by the simultaneous application of bicuculline, IBNs appear to be controlled by GABAA receptor. Glycine and 5-HT did not change the firing pattern of IBN. Application of bicuculline itself caused an increase of tonic discharges of IBN. These findings sugge...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1981·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·S Sasaki, Hiroshi Shimazu
Jun 1, 1982·Experimental Neurology·R W BalohN Furuya

Related Concepts

Local Anesthesia [PE]
Entire Occipital Bone
Serotonin Measurement
Vertical Nystagmus
Cell Respiration
Etherum, ether, Homeopathic preparation

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