PMID: 39124Jan 1, 1979

Neutral lipid accumulation in yeast due to inositol deficiency: kinetic studies on the reciprocal regulation by fructose bisphosphate and citrate of yeast acetyl CoA carboxylase

Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
T TomitaE Hayashi


Neutral lipids, especially triacylglycerols, accumulated due to myo-inositol deficiency both in the cells of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis (Hayashi et al. (1976) J. Biol. Chem., 251, 5759--5769) and in the liver of the rat (Hayashi et al. (1974) Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 360, 134--155). The accumulation of triacylglycerols in the deficient yeast resulted, at least partly, from an enhancement of acetyl CoA carboxylase activity. The activation of the enzyme reflected the fluctuation due to the deficiency in the levels of fructose bisphosphate and citrate (Hayashi et al. (1978) Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 540, 231--237). Thus, the kinetics of the regulation of acetyl CoA carboxylase by these intermediates was studied. In physiological concentrations fructose bisphosphate sigmoidally activated acetyl CoA carboxylase from yeast with the Hill coefficient of 3, while citrate counteracted the fructose bisphosphate activation in a sigmoidal manner with the Hill coefficient of 2. Fructose bisphosphate markedly increased the apparent Vmax value of acetyl CoA carboxylase for the substrate, ATP and slightly decreased the apparent Km value. Citrate greatly decreased the apparent Vmax value increased by fructose bisphosphate.

Related Concepts

Citrate Measurement
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Lipid Metabolism

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.