Sep 1, 1986

Neutralizing activity in human milk fractions against respiratory syncytial virus

Acta paediatrica Scandinavica
A LaegreidK H Carlsen


Neutralizing activity against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was measured in milk samples from 17 healthy women whose infants had an acute infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and from 27 women with healthy infants. All milk samples were obtained 2-8 months post partum. Neutralizing activity was detected in 36 samples. No major difference in neutralizing titers was observed between the two groups, and the titers were low. RSV-specific IgA was found in two samples, and RSV-specific IgG in one sample. RSV-specific IgM was not detected. In gel filtration studies, the neutralizing activity was eluted with an apparent molecular weight above 400,000. The neutralizing activity remained after removal of IgA by affinity chromatography. These findings suggest that both immunoglobulin and non-immunoglobulin components in human milk can neutralize RSV.

Mentioned in this Paper

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Antibodies, Viral
Immunoglobulin Activity
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Gel Chromatography
Milk, Human
Respiratory syncytial virus
Acute Infectious Disease
Neutralization Tests

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