Jul 1, 1989

New directions in hematologic biotherapy

Seminars in Hematology
J E Groopman

Abstract

Clinical trials of recombinant biologic agents have resulted in new treatment options for hematologic, oncologic, and cardiologic disorders. These agents include the interferons, recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO), colony-stimulating factors (CSFs), interleukins (ILs), and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Interferon alfa has proven efficacious in treating certain hematologic malignancies and solid tumors and has recently been indicated for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Treatment with r-HuEPO has relieved the chronic anemia of hemodialysis patients. Recombinant human granulocyte CSF (G-CSF) or human granulocyte macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) has been used to treat patients after autologous bone marrow transplantation for lymphoid or solid malignancies, resulting in increased production of granulocytes and platelets. G-CSF and GM-CSF have been used to treat aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and neutropenia associated with AIDS. In patients with evolving myocardial infarction, the recombinant agent t-PA has proved more efficacious than streptokinase in terms of average coronary artery patency rates and survival rates in patients with evolving my...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Filgrastim
Interleukins
Aplastic Anemia
Hematology (Discipline)
Colony-Stimulating Factors
Neutropenia
Hematologic Neoplasms
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
Erythropoietin Measurement
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor

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