Oct 31, 2018

New Insights into the Nature of Symbiotic Associations in Aphids: Initial Steps Involved in Aphid Gut Infection by Serratia symbiotica Bacteria

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Inès PonsThierry Hance

Abstract

Symbiotic microorganisms are widespread in nature and can play a major role in the ecology and evolution of animals. The aphid-Serratia symbiotica bacterium interaction provides a valuable model to study mechanisms behind these symbiotic associations. The recent discovery of cultivable S. symbiotica strains having the possibility of free-living lifestyle allowed us to simulate their environmental acquisition by aphids to examine the mechanisms involved in this infection pathway. Here, after oral ingestion, we analyzed the infection dynamic of cultivable S. symbiotica strains during the lifetime of host using qPCR and fluorescence techniques and determined the immediate fitness consequences of these bacteria on their new host. We further examined the transmission behavior and phylogenetic position of cultivable strains. Usually, S. symbiotica are considered as maternally-transmitted bacteria living within aphid body cavity and bringing some benefits to their hosts despite their costs. Otherwise, our study revealed that cultivable S. symbiotica are predisposed to establish a symbiotic association with new aphid host, settling in its gut. We showed that cultivable S. symbiotica colonized the entire aphid digestive tract following ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microorganism
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Aphis chenopodii glauci preparation
Entire Body Cavity
Environment
Serratia symbiotica
Body Cavities
Disease Transmission

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