PMID: 3928128Sep 15, 1985Paper

New surgical approach to minimize radiation-associated small bowel injury in patients with pelvic malignancies requiring surgery and high-dose irradiation. A preliminary report

M T KavanahE Kondi


Complications associated with small bowel intolerance to radiation therapy at doses higher than 4500 to 5000 cGy have been the limiting factor in delivering pelvic radiation either as an adjuvant to surgery or alone in the treatment of pelvic malignancies. Despite numerous surgical, medical, and radiation therapy technical measures to minimize small bowel injury, none have been uniformly successful in eliminating this problem. With the availability of a new synthetic absorbable mesh, a pelvic sling can be placed at the time of exploration or definitive surgery aimed at suspending the small bowel out of the pelvis. Preliminary work in animal models has shown the mesh sling to be well-tolerated and successful. Barium-contrast simulation studies of seven patients with pelvic malignancies requiring resectional surgery and postoperative radiation therapy in whom the mesh sling was placed at the time of surgery demonstrate total exclusion of the small bowel from the pelvic radiation treatment field. All patients have been followed for at least 4 months since mesh placement, and to date no complications have occurred. It is possible that this technique of bowel exclusion will permit the delivery of larger doses of radiation therapy in...Continue Reading


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