Apr 1, 1976

New techniques for ion-selective measurements of ionized calcium in serum after pH adjustment of aerobically handled sera

Clinical Chemistry
H D Schwartz

Abstract

I report further experience in measuring ionized calcium (Ca2+) with the AMT Electron System and its serum standards and solid-state, dip, calcium-selective electrodes. With this system, serum pH can be adjusted with CO2 gas and Ca2+ and pH simultaneously measured; when 5.2% CO2 (40 mm pco2) is used for sample equilibration, the standard bicarbonate concentration is also provided. I measured serum Ca2+ as a function of pH between pH 7.0 and 9.0 and found the relationship to be reproducible, with no evidence of irreversible complexing of Ca2+. When the pH of aerobically exposed, mailed sera was restored to the original values, their values for Ca2+ were the same as for the fresh sera. Measurement of Ca2+ in routinely (aerobically) handled sera after pH restoration with CO2 gas was therefore validated, both samples from within an institution and mailed specimens. Standardization to pH 7.40 is recommended for routine measurements, is generally more accurate than use of heparin or quasianaerobic techniques, and is a practical approach. In patients with possible uncompensated acid-base disturbance (which may be indicated by an abnormal standard bicarbonate concentration if not suspected clinically), patient pH should be measured ind...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Heparin
Blood Preservation
Calcium
Aerobiosis
Ionized calcium
Calcium ion
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Electrode
Anaerobiosis

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