Apr 9, 2019

Next-level riboswitch development-implementation of Capture-SELEX facilitates identification of a new synthetic riboswitch

Nucleic Acids Research
Adrien BoussebayleBeatrix Suess


The development of synthetic riboswitches has always been a challenge. Although a number of interesting proof-of-concept studies have been published, almost all of these were performed with the theophylline aptamer. There is no shortage of small molecule-binding aptamers; however, only a small fraction of them are suitable for RNA engineering since a classical SELEX protocol selects only for high-affinity binding but not for conformational switching. We now implemented RNA Capture-SELEX in our riboswitch developmental pipeline to integrate the required selection for high-affinity binding with the equally necessary RNA conformational switching. Thus, we successfully developed a new paromomycin-binding synthetic riboswitch. It binds paromomycin with a KD of 20 nM and can discriminate between closely related molecules both in vitro and in vivo. A detailed structure-function analysis confirmed the predicted secondary structure and identified nucleotides involved in ligand binding. The riboswitch was further engineered in combination with the neomycin riboswitch for the assembly of an orthogonal Boolean NOR logic gate. In sum, our work not only broadens the spectrum of existing RNA regulators, but also signifies a breakthrough in ri...Continue Reading

  • References38
  • Citations


  • References38
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Aptamers, Nucleotide
In Vivo
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
Ligand Binding
Neomycin Palmitate
Structure-Activity Relationship
Macromolecular Alteration
Selex Aptamer Technique

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.

Related Papers

Methods : a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Adrien BoussebayleBeatrix Suess
Methods : a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Laura MartiniSheref S Mansy
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Vandana SharmaYohei Yokobayashi
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved